Quick Answer: What Does Reign Of Terror Mean?

What is Reign of Terror Class 9?

The Reign of Terror (From 1793 to 1794) The period from 1793 to 1794 is known as the Reign of Terror.

Maximilian Robespierre sentenced to death all those persons who he considered as enemies of the republic, whether they were ex-noble, clergy, and members of any political parties; including Jacobins..

Why was the reign of terror important to the French Revolution?

Reign of Terror lasted from September 1793 until the fall of Robespierre in 1794. Its purpose was to purge France of enemies of the Revolution and protect the country from foreign invaders.

Who was the leader of the reign of terror?

Maximilien RobespierreMaximilien Robespierre, the architect of the French Revolution’s Reign of Terror, is overthrown and arrested by the National Convention. As the leading member of the Committee of Public Safety from 1793, Robespierre encouraged the execution, mostly by guillotine, of more than 17,000 enemies of the Revolution.

Why was the reign of terror bad?

The Reign of Terror was a dark and violent period of time during the French Revolution. Radicals took control of the revolutionary government. They arrested and executed anyone who they suspected might not be loyal to the revolution. The French Revolution had begun four years earlier with the Storming of the Bastille.

Which period in France was known as Reign of Terror Why?

The period from 1793 to 1794 was referred to as the ‘Reign of Terror’ because of the following reasons: Maximilian Robespierre followed a policy of severe control and punishment. Any person who did not agree with his policies was guillotined.

What were the six causes of French Revolution?

International: struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state.Political conflict: conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the “reform” of the tax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy.More items…•

What does the Reign of Terror refer to?

a period of the French Revolution, from about March, 1793, to July, 1794, during which many persons were ruthlessly executed by the ruling faction. (lowercase) any period or situation of ruthless administration or oppression.

How did the reign of terror start?

Reign of Terror (June 1793–July 1794) Phase of the French Revolution. It began with the overthrow of the Girondins and the ascendancy of the Jacobins under Robespierre. Against a background of foreign invasion and civil war, opponents were ruthlessly persecuted and c. 1400 executed by the guillotine.

What was a positive result of the reign of terror?

What was a positive result of the Reign of Terror? Ordinary people won more political rights and freedoms.

What was the impact of the reign of terror?

Reign of Terror: A period of violence during the French Revolution incited by conflict between two rival political factions, the Girondins and the Jacobins, and marked by mass executions of “the enemies of the revolution.” The death toll ranged in the tens of thousands, with 16,594 executed by guillotine and another …

What were the main causes of the reign of terror?

The Reign of Terror, commonly The Terror (French: la Terreur), was a period of the French Revolution when, following the creation of the First French Republic, a series of massacres and numerous public executions took place in response to revolutionary fervour, anticlerical sentiment, and spurious accusations of …

What were the main causes of the reign of terror quizlet?

Terms in this set (6)Great fear. The fear of the third estate that the first estate will send their army to come kill them and the first estate feared that the third estate was going to come kill them so it caused a great fear.Declaration of rights of man. … Women’s march. … Louis runs. … European monarchs. … Jacobins.

How many died in the reign of terror?

17,000 peopleAlmost 17,000 people were killed by official executions during the Reign of Terror, with historians estimating hundreds of thousands more deaths as part of the revolts throughout France or as unrecorded murders.

What was the reign of terror short answer?

The Reign of Terror or simply The Terror was a period of about 11 months during the French Revolution. During this time, French people who did not support the revolution were executed at the guillotine. The Reign of Terror was started on 5 September, 1793.

How were the guilty punished during the reign of terror?

The guilty were punished using a guillotine during the reign of terror in France. A guillotine is an apparatus designed for efficiently carrying out executions by beheading.

Was the reign of terror a necessary evil?

The reign of Terror was a necessary evil in the sense that it warded off the internal Revolutionary enemies such as the clergy, nobility and Royalists who were offended by the revolutionary developments as the Civil Constitution of the Clergy and Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.

How many nobles were killed in the French Revolution?

Over approximately 300 000 nobles, 18 000-19 000 were killed which is around 6% of the whole noble population, which isn’t a lot compared to the rest of the other social classes (most nobles fled to Switzerland or hid during the massacres).

What were three results of the reign of terror?

What were three results of the Reign of Terror? About 40,000 people were executed. Robespierre was executed. The revolution entered a moderate third stage under the Directory.

Who introduced Reign of Terror in France and where?

Maximilien de RobespierreMaximilien de Robespierre, a key figure in the French Revolution, helped to upend the monarchy. But while his ‘Reign of Terror’ reinvigorated the Revolution, it ended in as bloody a fashion as it began.