What Did The 2nd Estate Want?

Why did the people of the Third Estate revolt?

To put it simply, the third estate revolted in response to an unfair economic and political system that disproportionately taxed the middle classes and peasants while benefiting the other estates.

The first estate was comprised of higher-ranking members of the clergy and the second estate was the nobility..

What does the second estate do?

The Second estate was the nobility. Nobles held the highest positions at court, in the church, and in government. … They had the ability to collect taxes from the peasants on their land, including old feudal taxes that should have been irrelevant in the day, but were collected so the noble could live extravagantly.

What privileges did the first and second Estate enjoy?

1) the first estate(clergy) -members of this estates had vast land and wealth. They were exempted form paying tax and enjoyed certain privileges by birth. 2) the second estate(nobility) -members of this estate also enjoyed privileges by birth and were exempted from paying taxes.

What is the 1st 2nd and 3rd estate?

France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners). The king was considered part of no estate.

Why was France in debt?

Causes of debt The French Crown’s debt was caused by both individual decisions, such as intervention in the American War of Independence and the Seven Years’ War, and underlying issues such as an inadequate taxation system.

Which estate had the most power?

The Nobles in the Second Estate were the richest and most powerful in the kingdom. The King could count on them, but that was of little use to him in the succeeding course of history. He had also expected that the First Estate would be predominantly the noble Bishops.

What is the Third Estate called?

Third Estate, French Tiers État, in French history, with the nobility and the clergy, one of the three orders into which members were divided in the pre-Revolutionary Estates-General.

Why was the Third Estate unhappy?

The reason why the Third Estate was so unhappy was because they had 95% of the people which were peasants and they were treated poorly and overlooked by the two other estates. The first example of the popular protest in the French Revolution was when the peasants stormed the Bastille and took it apart.

Why was the second estate unfair?

The causes of the French Revolution were that the Estate System was unfair, the government of France was into much debt, and was therefore taxing too much, and that people resented the power of the Church. The third estate was overtaxed because the government was in debt.

Did the 2nd estate pay taxes?

Members of the Second Estate did not have to pay any taxes. They were also awarded special priviliges, such as the wearing a sword and hunting. Like the clergy, they also collected taxes from the Third Estate.

Who were the 2nd estate?

The Second Estate was a small group in 18th century French society comprising the noble or aristocratic orders. Its members, both men and women, possessed aristocratic titles like Duc (‘Duke’), Comte (‘Count’), Vicomte (‘Viscount’), Baron or Chevalier.

Which estate paid the most taxes?

The Third EstateWhich group paid the most taxes? The Third Estate. The First and Second Estate did not have to pay most taxes, while peasants paid taxes on many things, including necessities.

What was one advantage of being a member of the second estate?

The correct answer is: being able to participate in business or trade. Before the French Revolution, the Second Estate, also known as the French nobility, had some privileges.

Why is the estate system unfair?

The causes of the French Revolution were that the Estate System was unfair, the government of France was into much debt, and was therefore taxing too much, and that people resented the power of the Church. The third estate was overtaxed because the government was in debt. … This caused the third estate to demand reform.

Does French nobility still exist?

The French nobility today There are roughly 4,000 noble families that remain in France today, with anywhere between 50,000-100,000 individuals who could be considered noble. Surprisingly, this is about the same amount of nobles as in the late 18th century before the French Revolution occurred.

What were the problems of the Third Estate?

The members of the Third estate were unhappy with the prevailing conditions because they paid all the taxes to the government. Further, they were also not entitled to any privileges enjoyed by the clergy and nobles. Taxes were imposed on every essential item.

Which estate owned the most land?

The Second estate made up 1.5 percent of the population and owned 20 percent of the land. The second estate’s jobs included places in government, army, and the courts. The third estate mad up 98 percent of the population and owned 70 percent of the land.

Did the first and second estate pay taxes?

Actually, the First and Second Estates paid no taxes whatsoever. This meant that one hundred per cent of the tax burden fell on the Third Estate. … Thus, when one purchased a title of nobility, one freed both himself and his heirs in perpetuity from taxation.