What Is Called Biodiversity?

What do you mean by biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems..

What is biodiversity with example?

Biodiversity is the variety of life. … Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.

What is biodiversity and types?

Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).

What are 3 types of biodiversity?

Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity. Genetic diversity is all the different genes contained in all individual plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms. It occurs within a species as well as between species.

Who first used the term biodiversity?

1980 – Thomas Lovejoy introduced the term biological diversity to the scientific community in a book. It rapidly became commonly used. 1985 – According to Edward O. Wilson, the contracted form biodiversity was coined by W. G. Rosen: “The National Forum on BioDiversity … was conceived by Walter G.Rosen …

What is the other word for rich?

Some common synonyms of rich are affluent, opulent, and wealthy.

What is biodiversity in simple words?

Biodiversity is the shortened form of two words “biological” and “diversity”. It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live.

What is another word for biodiversity?

n. diversity, variety, diverseness, multifariousness.

What is importance of biodiversity?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

What are the four major components of biodiversity?

The four major components of biological diversity are: Functional Diversity (biological or chemical processes such as energy flow and matter recycling needed for the survival of species, communities, and ecosystems), Ecological Diversity (the variety of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems found in an area or on the …

What are the two main components of biodiversity?

Three components of biodiversity are ecosystem, species and genetic diversity. Ecosystems perform functions that are essential to human existence such as oxygen and soil production and water purification.

What is hotspot region?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. The term biodiversity hotspot specifically refers to 25 biologically rich areas around the world that have lost at least 70 percent of their original habitat.

Is Diverseness a word?

The quality of being made of many different elements, forms, kinds, or individuals: diversification, diversity, heterogeneity, heterogeneousness, miscellaneousness, multifariousness, multiformity, multiplicity, variegation, variety, variousness.